A. Small, low-mass: The robots and their tools are made as small as is
consistent with functionality because:
Small devices are often cheaper to make.
Smaller payloads are less expensive to launch into orbit
Spaceworthy: Robots and their tools can be made to function for years exposed to
harsh radiation, in heat and cold, in free fall, and in a vacuum.
C. Teleoperated: The alternative to teleoperation is to duplicate the human
mind, which is likely to be an expensive and long-term effort. Moreover,
teleoperation allows humans to participate intimately yet safely in taming the
space environment. Robot eyes become (for those on Earth) windows looking out
into another environment. Even in locations more distant than geocentric orbits,
and in spite of the timelag
problem , some form of teleoperation may be necessary.
D. Humanoid: When functionality allows, robots should be humanoid in design
and appearance because:
Cog Shop at MIT to learn about a project focused on development of humanoid
robots. The University of Maryland's Ranger teleoperated robot
is a humaniform robot adapted to a zero-G environment. To see some counter
arguments to the use of humanoid robots, click here.